Ancient City Of Ipiutak Was Built By A Fair-Haired Race With Blue Eyes And Not Us – The Inuit Say

Ancient City Of Ipiutak Was Built By A Fair-Haired Race With Blue Eyes And Not Us – The Inuit Say

Located at Point Hope, Alaska, Ipiutak was once a flourishing city where people lived, traded, and practiced unusual rituals. Only ancient ruins and artifacts are left today, but the site is of great archaeological and historical importance.

Unraveling the mystery of Ipiutak could help us gain vital knowledge about a vanished culture and the early inhabitants of North America.

Ancient City Of Ipiutak Was Built By A Fair-Haired Race With Blue Eyes And Not Us – Eskimos Say

Fossil ivory figurine. Okvik. Punuk Islands. Credit: Froelich Rainey, Penn Museum

Unfortunately, this is easier said than done because there is conflicting information about the ancient city of Ipiutak. The site is estimated to be at least 2,000 years old. The community collapsed around 800 C.E., and archaeologists are trying to piece together who built the ancient city and when.

The builders of Ipiutak were sophisticated people and more advanced than the Eskimos. Who were they? Where did they come from? What happened to them?

Ipiutak was discovered during archaeological excavations in 1939 and 1940. It has been labeled as the largest site of its kind in the Eskimo region.

The sea destroyed some of the houses, but there are still enough ruins left to investigate. The ancient city was designed on a grid pattern. Its architecture reminds us of the ancient cities of the Indus Valley.

Scientists have discovered about 600 abandoned houses, one thousand unusual artifacts, and a huge cemetery that raises many interesting questions about the true inhabitants of Ipiutak.

Ipiutak Was Built By A Fair-Haired and Blue Eyed Race – The Eskimos Say
The Ipiutak are famous for producing sophisticated and decorative carvings in ivory, wood, bone, and stone artifacts, but their work is different.

Burial mask from Ipiutak grave, Larsen and Rainey collections, in Danish National Museum, Copenhagen. Phil Mcgillivary, Researchgate

According to Phil Mcgillivray of the U.S. Coast Guard, “the complex and unusual nature of the carved ivory material found at Ipiutak immediately confirms the material as unique. Ipiutak specimens show artistic patterns distinct from those of related cultures.”

The is a disagreement regarding the original builders of Ipiutak. Some archaeologists say the Eskimos constructed the ancient city, but they deny this. According to the legends of the Eskimos, the ancient city of Ipiutak was built by a fair-haired and blue-eyed race. Their legends also inform that white giants lived in Ipiutak until the War of the Gods.

Who could the legends of the Inuit refer to? Was Ipiutak once a Viking settlement, perhaps?

Inhabitants Of Ipiutak Were Not Primitive
Some archaeologists like Rainey Froelich, who excavated there, think people from Asia built Ipiutak. “Although this culture precedes known types of Eskimo culture on the Arctic coast, it is not primitive, and it diverges so widely from familiar Eskimo patterns that I am led to believe its origin will be found outside the Arctic regions, probably in eastern Asia,” Froelich said.

At Ipiutak, scientists discovered more than 5,000 graves, some of which revealed this culture practiced unusual customs, but they also possessed knowledge of more advanced science. Ipiutak grave specimens date mainly around 350A.D., ranging from @100A.D.-1000 A.D.

Ancient City Of Ipiutak Was Built By A Fair-Haired Race With Blue Eyes And Not Us – Eskimos Say

Ivory cub walrus. Ipiutak, Point Hope. Credit: Froelich Rainey, Penn Museum

Researchers found ancient skulls with artificial eyeballs of ivory inlaid with jet inside the graves. Some bodies had ivory nose plugs shaped like bird’s heads, and others had ivory death masks. Many graves contained small mummified animals, also with eyes inlaid with obsidian. Based on the findings, it seems inhabitants of Ipiutak practiced shamanism, and some archaeologists suggest their works remind Scthyo-Siberian cultures of Ukraine.

Ipiutak was not a small settlement. According to Froelich, this was once “a settlement with a population of several thousand, which must have been larger than the modern city of Fairbanks of Alaska.”

The ancient inhabitants of Ipiutak left valuable clues, but we still do not know who the original builders were. Perhaps this enigmatic ancient city was built by a fair-haired race with blue eyes, as the Inuit say, or maybe these people did originate from Asia or Siberia. Some think they could be related to the Dorset culture, but these are only speculations, and we must confess that Ipiutak still remains shrouded in mystery.

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